Alcoholism according to the American Medical Association can be characterized as an illness that causes a significant impairment due to constant and excessive alcohol consumption. Impairments that occur can affect psychological, social, and physiological dysfunction. Taking a closer looking at alcoholism from a Psychological standpoint, the actual amount someone drinks isn’t necessarily the problem; it’s about what goes on when they drink. If you’re having problems when drinking, you can be considered to have a drinking problem.
Drinking is something that’s often dramatized to look enticing to the general public. The reality of drinking is that it’s usually abused due to the fact that it gives a teasing promise. During consumption people claim they start to feel carefree, and relaxed. Problems they had before drinking start to fade away, and it enhances their moods in a positive way. Persistently consuming alcohol leads to a higher level of tolerance, which means more alcohol is needed to hit that craved “high” feeling.
Genetic, psychological, social and environmental factors are all taken into account when looking into the causes of Alcoholism. Becoming an addict to alcohol doesn’t occur overnight, it happens over time and plays a role in changing your normal chemical balances and nerve tacks that help your brain connect the experiences of happiness, judgment, and your body’s response to behavior control. These chemical imbalances can cause the cravings for the alcohol to help make the pleasurable feelings come back, or is used to remove the negative thoughts or feelings.
There are a wide variety of treatments that can be of assistance when trying to break free depending on how severe the addiction is, and the willingness to get better. Some of these treatments include; detoxification and withdrawal, establishing a treatment plan, and spiritual practice. Residential treatment programs are often recommended to those who have a heavy alcohol problem. These treatment facilities provide group and individual support, as well as family interactions, therapies, counselors, educational lectures, and doctors as well as staff that are professionals when it comes to treating alcoholism.