People who suffer from anorexia usually prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight. This is usually accomplished by setting a restriction on the amount of food they consume. They usually control their calorie intake by vomiting after eating or by misusing laxatives, diet aids, diuretics or enemas. They may also try to lose weight by exercising excessively.
Anorexia doesn’t really focus on food. It's an unhealthy way to try to cope with emotional problems. When you have anorexia, you often equate thinness with self-worth.
Emotional and behavioral symptoms:
The exact cause of anorexia nervosa is unknown. As with many diseases, a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors play a role in the development of anorexia.
Hospitalization and other programs:
If your life is in immediate danger, you need treatment in a hospital emergency room for issues such as a heart rhythm disturbance, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances or psychiatric problems. Hospitalization may be required for medical complications, psychiatric emergencies, severe malnutrition or continued refusal to eat. Hospitalization may be on a medical or psychiatric ward. Some clinics that specialize in treating eating disorder programs might offer more intensive treatment over longer periods of time.
Because of the complications anorexia causes, you might need frequent monitoring of vital signs, hydration level and electrolytes, as well as related physical conditions. In severe cases, people with anorexia may initially require feeding through a tube that's placed in their nose and goes to the stomach. Seeing a primary care doctor is suggested, and in the event you need further care they will be the one who coordinates care with the other health care professionals involved.
Restoring a healthy weight
The first goal of treatment is getting back to a healthy weight. You can't recover from an eating disorder without restoring an appropriate weight and learning proper nutrition.
A psychologist or other mental health professional can work with you to develop behavioral strategies to help you return to a healthy weight. A dietitian offers guidance in getting back to regular patterns of eating; including providing specific meal plans and calorie requirements that help you meet your weight goals. Your family will also likely be involved in helping you maintain normal eating habits.