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Antisocial personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder is a type of chronic mental condition in which a person’s ways of thinking, perceiving situations and relating to others are dysfunctional and can be destructive.

About

People with antisocial personality disorder usually have no distinction of right and wrong and often dismisses the rights, wishes and feelings of others.

Symptoms

Antisocial personality disorder signs and symptoms may include:
  • No distinction of right and wrong
  • Constantly lying or deceit to exploit others
  • Manipulating others for personal gain or for sheer personal pleasure
  • Intense egocentrism, sense of superiority and exhibitionism
  • Persistent difficulties with the law
  • Repeatedly violating the rights of others by the use of intimidation, dishonesty and misrepresentation
  • Child abuse or neglect
  • Hostility, significant irritability, agitation, impulsiveness, aggression or violence
  • Lack of empathy for others and lack of remorse about harming others
  • Risk-taking or dangerous behaviors
  • Poor or abusive relationships
  • Irresponsible work behavior
  • Failure to learn from the negative consequences of behavior

Causes

Personality is the combination of thoughts, feelings and actions that makes everyone unique. It's the way people view, understand and relate to the outside world, and how they view themselves. Personality forms during ones childhood, and is shaped through an interaction of these factors:

  • Genetics. Inherited likelihood are aspects of a person's personality passed down by parents, such as shyness or having a positive outlook. This is sometimes called temperament.
  • Environment. The surroundings a person grows up in, events that occurred, and relationships with family members and others. It includes such life situations as the type of parenting a person experienced, whether loving or abusive.
Personality disorders are ideally known to be caused by a combination of these genetic and environmental influences. Some people may have genes that make them vulnerable to developing antisocial personality disorder while life situations may trigger its development.

Treatment

The top treatments or combinations of treatments vary on each person's particular situation and severity of symptoms. Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is not always effective, especially if symptoms are severe and the person doesn’t admit that he or she contributes to problems. Psychotherapy can be provided in individual sessions, in group therapy, or in sessions that include family and friends. Medications There are no known medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat antisocial personality disorder. But several types of psychiatric medications can assist with certain conditions that are associated with antisocial personality disorder or with the symptoms such as aggression. These types of medications might include antipsychotic, antidepressant or mood-stabilizing medications. They must be prescribed cautiously since some have the potential for misuse. Skills for family members If you possess a loved one that has antisocial personality disorder, it's important that you seek help for yourself as well. Mental health professionals with experience handling this condition can teach you the proper skills when learning how to set boundaries and assist in protect yourself from the aggression, violence and anger commonly found in antisocial personality disorders.