Panic disorder or otherwise known as panic attacks is a sudden episode that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no actual or real danger or apparent cause.
Panic attacks are known to be frightening, as the one who is experiencing it can have claims of feeling like they’re loosing control, having a heart attack or even dying. Many people can go through life with just having one or two, others however that have recurring episodes, and live in fear of another attack are known to have the condition called panic disorder.
It’s not known what causes panic attacks, or panic disorder. These factors may contribute to the condition:
The main treatment options for panic attacks are psychotherapy and medications. Both methods are effective. Depending on the severity of your panic disorder and attacks your doctor will likely suggest one or both methods of treatment. Psychotherapy This method is also known as talk or behavior therapy, it’s considered to be an effective first choice treatment for panic attacks and disorder. Psychotherapy helps you to understand your panic attacks and disorder, and how to cope with them. Cognitive behavioral therapy may help you learn through your own experience that panic symptoms aren’t as dangerous as it may seem. During therapy sessions, your therapist will assist you in gradually re-creating the symptoms of a panic attack in a safe, supportive environment. Once the physical sensations of panic are no longer threatening, the attacks begin to resolve. Successful treatment can also aid you in overcoming fears of situations that you've been avoiding due to the panic attacks. Medications Medications are given to help reduce the symptoms felt before, during, and after an attack. There are multiple types of medications that have been shown to improve management of these symptoms. Some of these medications include: