Schizoid personality disorder affects more males than females. If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may be viewed as a loner, and you might lack the desire or skill to form close personal relationships.
People with schizoid personality disorder are likely to:
- Prefer being alone and commonly select solitary activities
- Prize independence and possess few close friendships
- Feel confused about how to respond to social cues and usually have little to say
- Feel little desire for sexual relationships
- Feel unable to experience pleasure
- Come off as dull, indifferent or emotionally cold
- Feel unmotivated and tend to underperform at school or work
Another way of understanding personality disorders has been to group them into classes. Schizoid personality disorder, along side schizotypal and paranoid personality disorders, are grouped together as Class A personality disorders. Class A disorders refer to odd or eccentric behaviors. They differ from Class B dramatic and emotional behaviors as well as Class C anxious and fearful behaviors.
The exact causes of schizoid personality disorder are unknown, although a combination of genetic and environmental factors found in early childhood are considered to increase the risk of developing the disorder.
If you have schizoid personality disorder, you might prefer to go your own way and keep away from interacting with others, including doctors. You may be so used to a life without emotional closeness that you're not sure you want to change.
You might agree to start treatment as a result from the urging of a family member who has concerns. Professional help from a therapist who's experienced in treating schizoid personality disorder can have an increased positive impact. Treatment options include:
- Medications. Since they’re no specific drugs to treat schizoid personality disorder, some drugs can help with symptoms. If you have symptoms of anxiety or depression, you doctor can prescribe a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Antipsychotics are not a routine part of treatment; they may be used to help with flattened emotions and social problems.
- Talk therapy (psychotherapy). If you feel that you would like to obtain closer relationships, a modified form of cognitive behavioral therapy can help you change the beliefs and behaviors that are concerns for you. A therapist with experience treating schizoid personality disorder is more understanding to your need for personal space and how difficult it is for you to open up about your personal life.
- Group therapy. The goal of individual treatment can be in-group setting in which you interact with others who are also practicing new interpersonal skills.